Vergil

(70 - 19 BCE) Commonly known as Rome's greatest poet, Vergil wrote three works, the Eclogues, Georgics, and the Aeneid, Rome's national epic, all in hexameter.


Ovid

(43 BCE - 17/18 CE) Publius Ovidius Naso is most famous for his mythological epic, the Metamorphoses. "My mind compels me to speak of forms changed into new bodies."


Lucretius

(99 - 55 BCE) A poet and philosopher, Lucretius wrote De Rerum Natura in order to transmit the ideas of Epicurean philosophy to the Roman elite.


Statius

(45 - 96 CE) One of the great poets from the Silver Age, Statius was a favorite of Domitian, whose own brutal regime may have influenced the grotesque carnage in Statius' epic, the Thebaid.


Horace

(65 - 8 BCE) Horace was Rome's greatest lyric poet. He was in the circle of Maecenas, a friend of Vergil, and a follower of Epicurean philosophy.


Homer

(8th or 7th century BCE) The author of the Iliad and Odyssey, two of the greatest epics in the history of the world and likely oral, rather than written, works of poetry.


AP Syllabus

The poetry part of the AP syllabus consists of 844 lines from Vergil's Aeneid, Books 1, 2, 4, and 6.

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